Technical description

A technical description is used to describe the boundaries of a parcel of land subject to specific rights. This includes but is not limited to, boundaries, administrative boundaries, servitudes, agricultural zoning, prior agreements to a real estate transaction, etc.

Each straight run of this parcel is described extensively in regards to length, direction, as well as boundaries (adjacent lots widthwise) and abuttals (adjacent lots lengthwise). The total area is also specified. This description is accompanied by a plan showing all boundaries involved and surrounding immovable property.

A topographic survey is an areal view of a parcel of land that includes the different field elevations observed during the actual survey. These elevations, normally identified in meters are most often indicated in accordance with the geodesic system of Québec SCOPQ. They can also be established using another conventional system, as per user requirements.

The elevations are shown on a plan via a system of dots specifically dispersed throughout the parcel of land. The actual distance separating the dots depends on user requirements.

Field elevations are sometimes represented by topographic curves. These curves are a graphical approximation drawn by connecting dots of the same altitude. The exactitude of the curves depends on several elements, particularly the number of dots identified during field operations. 

Based on a client’s request, these plans sometimes include specific physical elements found on the terrain such as buildings, structures and dependencies, waterways, flood lines, fences or other marks of occupation as well as any geographical features.